The Civil War was fought between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865.
Railroads advertised land for sale in ladies’ magazines such as Godey’s
and people headed West. By 1869 anyone could travel from one coast to the
other by railroad. Immigrants flooded America’s shores after the Civil War
looking for freedom, a better life, and their fortune.
the height of its popularity, the hoop skirt reached a maximum width of six
feet! As the decade moved along, the skirt became more elliptical in shape,
flatter in the front, and with more fullness in the back. Pagoda sleeves
evolved into Bishop sleeves with a small cuff. The dropped shoulder armcize
and round waist remained. The discovery of Aniline dyes produced bright
colors such as magenta, electric blue, and emerald green. Dress makers
could produce more pieces at cheaper costs because of the increasing
popularity of the sewing machine.
took on an oval shape with an open upraised mid point in the center front,
lavishly decorated on the inside. These bonnets were called “spoon bonnets”
because of their resemblance to the spoon. The hairstyle of larger and
higher placed chignons, dictated the changing style of hats – forward
tilting pillbox and porkpie hats. Wide-brimmed straw hats called rounds or
flats were still fashionable summer wear and were secured with long hat
ca. 1860–1870 Grey
felt toque hat with original plumes to the side and ribbon over the front,
crown, and back.
This type of hat was one of
the more youthful forms being introduced in the 1860’s while the more formal
bonnet was still being worn.
ca. 1865–1870 A very
delicate, intricately woven hat.
The crown has straw baubles,
glass beading at the side, and gathered beige crepe on the forward half.
The front has a spray of tiny purple flowers, and ‘feather’ leaves. The
ties would have gone under the chin