This week’s Soldier’s Story is about Daniel Valentine, the son of David and Margaret Valentine. Both of his parents were born in Maryland. Daniel and two of his sisters, Caroline and Mary A., were born in Ohio. All the other children were born in Maryland. The September 3, 1850 U.S. Census, in Antrim Township, is the first census, on which I found the Valentine family listed. David (50) and Margaret (46) had eight children who were living with them. They were: Daniel (19), Caroline (18), Mary A. (16), William (13), John (10), Isaac (8), Gilbert (6), and Indiana, a girl, (5). David was a farmer, as was Daniel, but David did not own real estate. Due to the simplicity of the 1840 U.S. Census form, with only the name of the head of house given, I have not been able to find David Valentine and his family, who were most likely living in Maryland, in 1840.
On August 9, 1860, Daniel (30) and his new wife Nancy (also known as Sarah) (24) had been married within the year. They were renting in Antrim Township and their personal estate was valued at $180. Daniel’s occupation was listed as laborer.
Both Daniel and his brother, Gilbert, served in the Civil War. Gilbert, being 13 years younger than Daniel, served twice in the Civil War - in Co. K, 126th PA Infantry and Co. I, 17th PA Cavalry, from the Upton area. Gilbert will be the subject of next week’s Soldier’s Story.
Daniel (34) and John Mummert (Soldier’s Story of March 19, 2014) enlisted, late in the war, and both were mustered into the 79th PA Infantry, on February 22, 1865, in Chambersburg, PA. Mummert was in Co. F, while Daniel served in Co. I. The 79th was originally organized on September 19, 1861, the men of which served bravely throughout the duration of the Civil War. During Daniel’s and John’s tour of duty, in the 79th PA Infantry, the regiment was involved in the Campaign of the Carolinas, which included the Battle of Bentonville, from March 19 to 21, 1865, and a few days after that the Occupation of Goldsboro on March 24. The 79th participated in the advance on Raleigh, April 9 to 13 and then occupied Raleigh, NC on April 14, 1865, the day President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Twelve days later, John was present for the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston and the Army of the Tennessee, which also included all other Confederate soldiers still fighting on the Eastern seaboard, to Gen. William T. Sherman, at Bennett’s House on April 26, 1865. Johnston’s surrender turned over 89,270 Confederate soldiers, the largest single surrender of the war. Between April 29 and May 20, the 79th PA Infantry marched through Richmond, VA to Washington City and participated in the Grand Review on May 24, 1865. The men of the 79th were mustered out on July 12, 1865, near Alexandria, VA. The 79th, during almost four full years of service lost four officers and 118 enlisted men from battle wounds and one officer and 145 enlisted men from disease. Twenty-four more men were lost due to disease than from battle wounds. Even more men, like Daniel and John Mummert, dealt with the diseases and disabilities that they acquired while in service, for the rest of their lives.
On the July 29th, 1870 U.S. Census record, several of Daniel’s neighbors were Levi Yous (Soldier’s Story of May 5, 2014), Jacob Shank, and Elizabeth Overcash. Jacob Shank owned a farm along the Leitersburg Pike, just east of the intersection of Ridge Road, in the southeast quadrant of the township. Daniel was a farmer and his real estate was worth $800, while his personal estate was $400. Daniel and his wife had a nine-year old son Charles.
On the 10th and 11th day of June 1880, John R. Ruthrauff, recorded Daniel, Gilbert, and David Valentine and their families as living within the Borough of Greencastle. Daniel (49) was a laborer and Nancy (46) was keeping house. Charles (18) was a printer’s apprentice. George Stump (80), listed as father-in-law, had a “general disability.” Nancy’s father was born in Maryland and her mother, in Pennsylvania. Elsewhere in town, Gilbert, his wife, and two sons were living beside David (87) and Margaret (73) Valentine, parents of Daniel and Gilbert. Therefore, we know that the two brothers stayed in contact and proximity with each other and their parents, as of June 1880. It’s very difficult to trace the daughters in a family because of marriage and their surnames changing.
The June 1890 Veterans Special Schedule indicated that Daniel had dealt with “Chronic Rheumatism” for 26 years, having contracted it during his Civil War service. On July 17, 1890, Daniel applied for his pension.
On June 14, 1900, the U.S. Census was recorded in the 2nd District of Antrim Township by Daniel H. Grove. Daniel and Nancy had been married for 40 years, since 1860. Daniel’s birthday was in July 1830 and Nancy’s was November 1832. Charles was their only child and sadly, he had died sometime between 1880, the last census with his name recorded, and June 1900. Daniel and Nancy owned their own home in the township, free and clear of a mortgage.
Daniel and Nancy had moved back into town by April 28, 1910, when the census taker recorded their names. They were renting a home on Allison Street. Also living on Allison Street, three houses away was Daniel’s brother Gilbert and his wife Martha. Daniel was retired and they were living off his income. Nancy had no income of her own. Here ended the online research.
We know from the PA Veterans Burial Card File that Daniel is buried in Section O, Lot 16, Cedar Hill Cemetery, Antrim Township, Franklin County, PA. Daniel’s regiment, though, was incorrectly transcribed on the burial card as 179th PA. It should be Co. I, 79th PA Infantry. Locating Daniel’s headstone answered a few questions and raised two other questions, which remain unanswered. His actual birthdate was July 19, 1830 and Nancy’s was November 22, 1832. Their only son Charles H. Valentine was born September 10, 1861, five months after the beginning of the Civil War. Daniel was drafted and enlisted into the Civil War on February 22, 1865. He left behind him his wife Nancy and their almost 3 ½ year-old son Charles. Charles died January 12, 1897, at the age of 35 years, four months, and two days. One cause might have been influenza, for which the statistics indicate that the number of deaths from influenza started to rise in 1896 and continued until it peaked in 1899. The date of death for Nancy on the headstone is April 24, 1910. The date of her enumeration on the 1910 U.S. Census is April 28, 1910. Daniel’s date of death was never chiseled into his headstone. Perhaps the records at the funeral home will answer this question.
Allison-Antrim Museum, Inc
365 South Ridge Avenue Copyright © Allison-Antrim Museum | All rights reserved.
Greencastle, PA 17225