In Antrim Township, on September 14, 1850, the family of Samuel Walk (Walck) was recorded on the U.S. Census. He and his wife Magdalena had nine children, who were living with them: Samuel S. (18), Henry Stickell (16), Nancy (14), Jacob (13), Jeremiah (12), David (10), Julian (girl – 8), Magdalen(a) (6), and Daniel S. (4). Samuel Sr. was a farmer and his real estate was valued at $2,000.
Magdalena died sometime between 1850 and 1860. Samuel Sr.’s second wife Rosanna was recorded on the 1860 census. Samuel Sr. and Rosanna had the following children: Sharlott (11), Margret (9), and twin sons (another) Samuel and Moses (6). The elder Samuel’s real estate had increased to $6,800 and his personal estate was worth $807. The older children, from the first marriage, still living at home were: Julyan (19), Mary (Magdalen – 17), Susan (15), and Daniel (13).
Daniel’s brother, Samuel S., who was 14 years older than Daniel, enlisted in the 21st PA Cavalry, in 1863 and was discharged in 1864. Samuel enlisted as a private and rose to the rank of Quartermaster Sergeant, the rank at which mustered out.
One year later, Samuel and Daniel Walck, enlisted as privates, in Co. G, 17th PA Cavalry. Samuel enlisted on August 11, 1864 and was mustered out on August 16, 1865. Daniel enlisted one month later, on September 16, 1864 and mustered out with Samuel. Henry Hellane, also, from Antrim Township, served in Co. G, 17th Cavalry, from December 1, 1863 to June 3, 1865. Hellane fell ill and was admitted to a hospital on June 1, 1864 and spent the rest of his tour of duty in the hospital, until he was mustered out. Hellane’s story was published on December 11, 2013. Gilbert Valentine and George Bartle, both from Antrim Township, served in Co. M, of the 17th. Valentine mustered in on September 24, 1864 and Bartle on September 16, the same day as Daniel Walck. Company M was mustered out June 16, 1865, three months earlier than Daniel and Samuel Walck. The history of PA’s 17th Cavalry (162nd PA Regiment) was written about in Bartle’s Soldier’s Story, on April 21, 2014.
I have been unable to find Daniel in the 1870 and 1880 U.S. Census records. The 1890 Civil War Veterans Special Schedule is the next enumeration on which Daniel was listed. He was living in Peters Township, which would have been four miles west of Greencastle and on the north side of the Waynesboro, Greencastle, and Mercersburg Turnpike, known today as PA Route 16. Unlike most Veterans Schedules, the enumerator made no notations about any of the 14 men listed on the federal form. Daniel applied for his pension on March 24, 1891, as an “invalid.”
Thomas C. McCullough was the enumerator in Peters Township on June 29 and 30, 1900. By this time Daniel was 54 years old. His birthday was in September 1846. He was most likely a tenant farmer because he was renting. Daniel’s wife’s name was Sarah J. She was 57 years old and her birthday was in February 1843. She and Daniel had been married 29 years, since 1870 or 1871. Sarah, like her parents, was born in Ireland. She would have been over two years old when the family immigrated to America in 1845. For all but a couple years, Sarah grew up in the U.S. Sarah and Daniel had five children but only three were living in June 1900. One of the two children who passed away was a son, Jonas C. He was born in 1874 and died at the age of 18, in 1892. Living with Daniel and Sarah, in 1900, were their daughters, Sarah “Sadie” E. (18) and 15 year old Mary J. Although Sadie was a school teacher, she had no work for seven months out of the previous year. Mary was still attending school.
By cross referencing the neighbors of Daniel and Sarah on the censuses of the 1900, 1910, and 1920, it appears that Daniel and Sarah, most likely rented the same “small farm,” in Peters Township, for over 20 years. It may have been a much longer period of time, but without the 1870 and 1880 census records, I cannot say for certain.
On the May 4, 1910 U.S. Census, their daughter, Sarah, was still living with them, and as a public school teacher, she had not been out of work, as of April 15, 1910. Mary was not a member of the household therefore she may have gotten married.
By March 10, 1920, the date the census was recorded in Upton Town, the very small village was divided according to those who lived on “Main Street,” i.e. Route 16, and “North Street.” After talking to Harry Myers, who was born and raised in Upton, I believe today’s Lemar Road was considered North Street, in 1920. When Harry grew up in the village, neither Kuhn Road nor Lemar Road had official names. Locally, Lemar Road (leading to Lemaster and Marks) was called “Back Street,” and Kuhn Road was called “Water Street,” because it leads to the Conococheague Creek.
Sarah J. Walck was born in February1843 and died in 1917. In 1920, Daniel was living along “Main Street,” in Upton, with his daughter, Sarah (37), and her husband Charles L. Gearhart (42). They had a five-year old daughter Edna. Charles was a farmer, of a “general farm,” which was number 53 on the “Farm Schedule.” The Gearharts rented, just as Daniel had done for decades.
Daniel S. Walck died sometime in 1922. He and his wife Sarah and their son, Jonas, are buried, alongside each other, in Section G, Lot 74, in the Cedar Hill Cemetery, Franklin County, PA. Although there is no Civil War marker or flag at Daniel’s grave, he did, indeed, serve his country in Co. G, 17th PA Cavalry.
Having lived one mile east of Upton for most of my life, the family names, on the U.S. census records, in this part of Peters Township and Upton, are very familiar to me. Family names, such as Stuff, Springer, Stouffer, Bear, Brake, Coble, Gearhart, Hollinger, Fitz, Sites, Stickell, Chritzman, Angle, Shindle, Hissong, Hoke, Hege, Heisey, Fries (freeze), and Myers. Calvin and Mary Stuff owned a farm, and succeeding generations of the Stuff family continued in the farming industry. Harry Shindle drove a horse-drawn, milk wagon in 1910 and by 1920, he was a milk hauler and drove and “Auto Truck.”
Samuel A. Heisey was a general farmer in 1910 but by 1920, his occupation was farmer, and he grew fruit trees. On the 1930 U.S. Census, he was a horticulturalist, and owned a fruit farm, that became one of the area’s premier orchards – Heisey’s Orchards.
In 1910, William Springer (52) was still a practicing blacksmith and John McC. Springer (28), his son, was self-employed as a carriage maker. Ten years later, William and John jointly owned and operated an automobile garage. John and his family lived in Upton, but career wise, he moved on to become a salesman at Hochlander’s Ford dealership, in Greencastle – from a carriage maker in 1910 to a Ford car salesman in the mid-20th century. By 1930, Paul C. Springer, younger child of William and his wife Josephine, was an automobile mechanic in a garage in Upton, which became Springer’s Garage during the mid-20th century. Paul and Mary Springer’s son John O. Springer, eventually took ownership of the garage.
During the Civil War, Capt. Robert J. Boyd, from Upton, raised the men of Co. K, 21st PA Cavalry. In 1910, he was a general merchant and a widower, who lived with his daughter, Estella “Stella,” and her husband Harry V. Angle, who was a paper hanger. Boyd, at 76, was president of First National Bank of Greencastle, and had been since January 4, 1893, and would serve in that capacity until January 14, 1920. He was one of Upton’s postmasters and served on the Franklin County Centennial Committee (1882) from Peters Township.
Dr. Clarence A. Chritzman was a family physician in Upton, in the early decades of the 20th century, and would have, most likely, been the doctor to whom the villagers of Upton went, for medical care. His father Dr. Henry G. Chritzman served in the Civil War. He enlisted early in the war as a contract surgeon, later as an Assistant Surgeon, and in October 1861, Dr. Henry G. Chritzman rose to the rank of Major, when he was commissioned Surgeon. He served through the end of the Civil War in that capacity. After the war he practiced medicine in Welsh Run. Clarence’s son, Henry G., also became a physician; his practice was located in Greencastle. Harry Brant Chritzman, the older brother of Clarence, also became a medical doctor. Dr. Harry Chritzman set up practice in Greencastle, until 1896, when he moved to Welsh Run, and then several years later located in Mercersburg.
All of these individuals have long passed away. The first caption in the Arcadia published, 2007 Images of America – Greencastle-Antrim Revisited pictorial history book seems very appropriate to close this Soldier’s Story. “The monuments of granite, whether they are small, large, or obelisk Victorian-era pillars, seem not adequate enough to tell a life’s story, with only a beginning and an end. The void in between is where life breathed.” Hopefully, the descendants of all these individuals have honored their ancestors by writing down and passing on their stories, from one generation to the next.
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